虎扑电竞

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国家治理与协商民主实践研究
http://mrs-i.com/  (2016-03-20 13:39:05)  来源:中共四川省委统战部
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国家治理与协商民主实践研究

——发挥统一战线在基层协商民主中的重要作用

刘仁勇 于小英

(四川省社会主义学院)

shibajiesanzhongquanhuishoucitichu“tuijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua”[ ],shizhongguogongchandangduixiandaizhengzhihedangjinshehuifazhanquanjuzuochudelixingsikaohezhongyaochuangxin,tixianlewodangzaixindelishiqidianshangguojiazhililiniandezhongdabiange。“guojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuashiyigeguojiadezhiduhezhiduzhixingnenglidejizhongtixian”[ ]tuijinxieshangminzhuguangfanduocengzhiduhuafazhan,shituijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuadezhanlvexuanze。《zhonggongzhongyangguanyujiaqiangshehuizhuyixieshangminzhujianshedeyijian》(yixiajiancheng《yijian》)zhichu:“shehuizhuyixieshangminzhu,shizhongguoshehuizhuyiminzhuzhengzhideteyouxingshiheduteyoushi,shizhongguogongchandangdequnzhongluxianzaizhengzhilingyudezhongyaotixian,shishenhuazhengzhitizhigaigedezhongyaoneirong。”qiangdiao “zaizhongguogongchandangdelingdaoxia,renminneibugefangmianweiraogaigefazhanwendingzhongdawentiheshejiqunzhongqieshenliyideshijiwentiweineirong,zaijuecezhiqianhejueceshishizhizhongkaizhanguangfanxieshang,nulixingchenggongshi”,weituijinshehuizhuyixieshangminzhujianshezhiminglefangxiang。

一、推动基层协商民主实践,是推进协商民主广泛多层制度化的重要创新点和发展路径

xieshangminzhuzuoweirenminminzhudezhongyaoxingshi,[ ]yizunzhongchayi、duoyuanjianrongweiqianti,yilixingxieshangduihuaweifangshi,yihuajiemaodun、zengjingongshi、cujinhexieweimude,shishixianrenmindangjiazuozhudeyouxiaotujing,zaigoujianjiegouheli、xitongwanbei、kexueguifan、xingzhiyouxiaodeguojiazhilitixi[ ]zhongzhanyouzhongyaodiwei,shituijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihua、wanshanhefazhanzhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidudezhongyaozaiti。jicengxieshangminzhujuyoujichuguangfan、zhengcexingqiang,neihanfengfudetedian,zaituijinxieshangminzhuguangfanduocengzhiduhuafazhan,goujianchengxuheli、huanjiewanzhengdexieshangminzhutixideshijianzhongfahuizhejichuxing、chuangxinxingzuoyong。

(一)推进协商民主广泛多层制度化发展,丰富了民主形式、拓展了民主渠道、加深了民主内涵

《yijian》congquanmianrenshishehuizhuyixieshangminzhushizhongguoshehuizhuyiminzhuzhengzhideteyouxingshiheduteyoushizheiyizhongdapanduan、shenkebawoshehuizhuyixieshangminzhushizhongguogongchandangdequnzhongluxianzaizhengzhilingyudezhongyaotixianzheiyijibendingxing、qieshiluoshituijinxieshangminzhuguangfanduocengzhiduhuafazhanzheiyizhanlverenwusangefangmian,quanmianlunshuleshehuizhuyixieshangminzhudezhongdazhanlvesixiang,shenkejieshilexieshangminzhudexingzhi、tedianheyoushi。jinyibumingqueleshehuizhuyixieshangminzhudeneihan:shehuizhuyixieshangminzhujijianchizhongguogongchandangdelingdao,youfahuigefangmiandejijizuoyong;jijianchirenminzhutidiwei,youguancheminzhujizhongzhidelingdaozhiduhezuzhiyuanze;jijianchirenminminzhudeyuanze,youguanchetuanjiehexiedeyaoqiu。[ ]

虎扑电竞tuijinxieshangminzhuguangfanduocengzhiduhuafazhan,shijijitansuorenminminzhushixiandegezhongyouxiaoxingshi,buduanfengfurenmindangjiazuozhuzhiduzaitideyouxiaofangshi。xijinpingzongshujizhichu“shixingrenminminzhu,baozhengrenmindangjiazuozhu,yaoqiuwomenzaizhiguolizhengshizairenminneibugefangmianjinxingguangfanshangliang。”[ ]zheibiaoming,fazhanshehuizhuyixieshangminzhu,shizaiwanshanxuanjuminzhuhexieshangminzhuliangzhongjibenminzhuxingshi,shenruyanjiujueceminzhu、guanliminzhu、jianduminzhudengjutiminzhuxingshidejichushang,jinyibu“tuokuanzhongguogongchandang、renmindaibiaodahui、renminzhengfu、renminzhengxie、minzhudangpai、renmintuanti、jicengzuzhi、qishiyedanwei、shehuizuzhi、geleizhikudengdexieshangqudao,shenrukaizhanzhengzhixieshang、lifaxieshang、xingzhengxieshang、minzhuxieshang、shehuixieshang、jicengxieshangdengduozhongxieshang。”[ ] qimudeshi“tongguogezhongtujing、gezhongqudao、gezhongfangshijiugaigefazhanwendingzhongdawentitebieshishiguanrenminqunzhongqieshenliyidewentijinxingguangfanxieshang,jizunzhongduoshurendeyiyuan,youzhaogushaoshurendeheliyaoqiu,guangnaqunyan、guangjiminzhi,zengjingongshi、zengqiangheli。”[ ]xuanjuminzhuyuxieshangminzhuxianghubuchongyouxiangdeyizhang,gongtonggouchengjuyouzhongguotesedeshehuizhuyiminzhuzhengzhizhidu。

shibajiesanzhongquanhuizaijixujianchijiujingjishehuifazhanzhongdawentixieshangyujuecezhiqianyuanzedetongshi,mingquejiang“shejiqunzhongqieshenliyideshijiwenti”lieruxieshangdejibenneirong。《zhonggongzhongyangguanyuquanmianshenhuagaigeruoganzhongdawentidejueding》(yixiajiancheng《jueding》)qiangdiao“zaiquanshehuikaizhanguangfanxieshang,jianchixieshangyujuecezhiqianhejueceshishizhizhong”。[ ]zheishiwodanglizuyushehuizhuyichujijieduanshehuizhuanxing、tizhizhuangui、guannianzhuanhua、chengfenzhuandaidejibenguoqing,zaiguanglingyuduocengmiankuodarenminminzhuzhongdazhanlvesixiangdejutitixian。zheibiaoming,xieshangminzhuyijingcongzhuyaochulizhongguogongchandangyugeminzhudangpaiyijidangwaishangcengdaibiaorenshiguanxidezhidu,kuodaweifugaiquanshehuide,hangaicongzhongyangdaodifangyijichengxiangjicenggegelingyu、gegecengmiandegengweipubiandeminzhuzhidu。

(二)基层协商民主在协商民主制度架构中处于基础地位,是实现国家和社会治理的重要环节

《jueding》tichu“goujianchengxuheli、huanjiewanzhengdexieshangminzhutixi”,[ ]qiangdiao“kaizhanxingshiduoyangdejicengminzhuxieshang,tuijinjicengxieshangzhiduhua。”[ ]zheibiaoming,xieshangminzhuyouzhengzhilingyukuozhandaojingji、shehui、wenhua、shengtaigegelingyu,xingchengleyouzhongyangdaodifangzhizhishehuijiceng,congzhengdangxieshang、zhengfuxieshang、zhengxiexieshang、rendaxieshang、renmintuantixieshangdaojicengxieshang、shehuizuzhixieshangzonghengjiaozhidexieshangminzhuwangluo,xieshangminzhujiangjinyibuxiangxiayanshen,yougaocengjingyingzouxiangshehuidazhong,jicengxieshangminzhuchengweizhongyaozhelidianhechuangxindian,juyouguangkuodefazhankongjian。《yijian》zhichuyao“jianchiguangfancanyu、duoyuanduoceng,genghaobaozhangrenminqunzhongdezhiqingquan、canyuquan、biaodaquan、jianduquan”,jidadituozhanlexieshangminzhuguangduheshendu。

虎扑电竞xieshangminzhujingguo65niandefazhan,yichubuxingchengzhengzhixieshang、shehuixieshang、jicengxieshangshangxialiandong、guangfanduocengdexieshangminzhuzhidujiagou。qizhong,zhengzhixieshangchuyugaoceng,juyoucengcigao、fugaifanweijiaoxiao、chengxuguifandejingyingxieshangtezheng。baokuozhongguogongchandangyugeminzhudangpai、wudangpairenshidezhengdangxieshang,yijizhongguogongchandangzairenminzhengxietonggeminzhudangpaihegejiedaibiaorenshidezhengzhixieshang,shiwoguozhengzhitizhiduchuangxingdeyoushisuozai。shehuixieshangchuyuzhongceng,zhuyaozhiguojiazhengquanjiguandelifaxieshanghejuecexieshang,baokuorenmindaibiaodahuidelifaxieshangjirendajiuzhongdashixiangxiangshehuigongkaizhengqiuyijiandengxingshi,yijizhengfujiqizhinengbumenjiuxiangguangonggongzhengceyushehuijinxingxieshangduihua,zheishigaigekaifanghouwoguoxieshangminzhushijiandechuangzaoxingfazhan。jicengxieshangzaizhidujiagouzhongchuyuxiaceng,zhuyaobaokuozaitansuoyiminzhucanyu、minzhujuece、minzhujianduweihexindexiangzhenjicengzhengfuzhilimoshizhongchuxiandekentanhui、tingzhenghui、zixunhui、xieshangduihuahuidengduozhongxingshi,shizaijicengminzhujianshezhongfazhande、yucunmin(jumin)zizhixiangjiehedexinxingminzhuxingshi。jiumuqianeryan,jianguoqianhouquelidezhengzhixieshangzhiduyishangshengdaowoguojibenzhengzhizhiducengmian,xingchengjiaoweiwanbeideliluntixi、gongzuojizhi、shijianmoshihegongzuowangluo;shehuixieshangzhiduyijingchubujianli,rengxutongguozhiduhechengxuhuajiansheyuyiguifan,youqishijianquanxinxigongkai、tingzheng、jianjudenggonggongcanyuzhidu,jianligeleiquntiyuzhengfu、gonggonglingyudegoutongqudao,shizhichengweigeliyizhutijinxingliyixiediaodezhuqudao;erjicengxieshangminzhuzhiduzaiwoguoxieshangminzhuzhidujiagouzhongchuyujichudiwei,shituijinxieshangminzhuguangfanduocengfazhandezhongzhongzhizhong,juyoujichuguangfan、shejimianguang,zhengcexingqiang,neihanfengfudetedian,shiguangfanxinaminyi、huijuminzhidezhongyaopingtai。

fazhanxieshangminzhu,tuijinxieshangminzhuguangfanduocengzhiduhuafazhan,jishifazhanshehuizhuyiminzhuzhengzhidebiranyaoqiu,yeshituijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuadezhanlvexuanze。《jueding》zhichu,chuangxinshehuizhili“bixuzheyanyuweihuzuiguangdarenmingenbenliyi,zuidaxianduzengjiahexieyinsu,zengqiangshehuifazhanhuoli,tigaoshehuizhilishuiping。” zheibiaoming,youdangweizhengfuzhudaode“shehuiguanli”jiangxiangyoudangweizhengfu、shehuizuzhiheguangdaqunzhongduofangcanyude“shehuizhili”zhuanbian。xieshangminzhuyichengrenshehuiduoyuanzhutideweiqianti,changdaozhizhengdang、renda、zhengfu、zhengxieyijishehuizuzhihegongmingongtongcanyuguojiaheshehuizhili,tongguoxieshangshixianguojiaheshehuixietonggongzhi,shituijinguojiazhilitixihezhilinenglixiandaihuadezhongyaotujing。

(三)必须加强中国共产党在推进协商民主广泛多层制度化发展中的统一领导和统筹协调作用

虎扑电竞zaizhongguogongchandanglingdaoxiajinxingguangfanxieshang,tixianleminzhuyujizhongdetongyi。xijinpingzongshujizhichu “yaoshenkebawoshehuizhuyixieshangminzhushizhongguogongchandangdequnzhongluxianzaizhengzhilingyudezhongyaotixianzheiyijibendingxing。”qiangdiao“fazhanshehuizhuyiminzhuzhengzhi,baozhengguojiazhengzhishenghuojichongmanhuoliyouandingyouxu,guanjianshiyaojianchidangdelingdao、renmindangjiazuozhu、yifazhiguoyoujitongyi。”[ ]jiangdangdequnzhongluxianguancheyuxieshangminzhuzhizhong,duiyumiqiedangtongrenminqunzhongdexueroulianxi、wanshanrenminyouxuzhengzhicanyu、cujinjuecekexuehuaminzhuhuajuyouzhongyaoyiyi。

quanxinquanyiweirenminfuwu,shizhongdaibiaozuiguangdarenmingenbenliyi,shishixinghefazhanxieshangminzhudezhongyaoqiantihejichu。xijinpingzongshujizhichu:“shixingrenminminzhu,baozhengrenmindangjiazuozhu,yaoqiuwomenzaizhiguolizhengshizairenminneibugefangmianjinxingguangfanshangliang。”qiangdiao“zaizhongguoshehuizhuyizhiduxia,youshihaoshangliang,zhongrendeshiqingyouzhongrenshangliang,zhaodaoquanshehuiyiyuanheyaoqiudezuidagongyueshu,shirenminminzhudezhendi。”[ ]zheiyixinlunduan,weifazhanxieshangminzhutigonglezhanxinshiyeheshijianlujing。

《yijian》zhichu:“shejirenminqunzhongliyidedaliangjuecehegongzuo,zhuyaofashengzaijiceng。yaoanzhaoxieshangyumin、xieshangweimindeyaoqiu,jianlijianquanjicengxieshangminzhujianshexiediaoliandongjizhi,wenbukaizhanjicengxieshang,genghaojiejuerenminqunzhongdeshijikunnanhewenti,jishihuajiemaodunjiufen,cujinshehuihexiewending。”jiangjicengxieshangminzhuyushehuizhilixiangjiehe、yujicengqunzhongzizhixiangjiehe,shixinxingshixiawodangzaishehuilingyutuidongjicengminzhuzhidujianshedezhongyaozhelidian。

虎扑电竞xijinpingzongshujizhichu“renminqunzhongshishehuizhuyixieshangminzhudezhongdian。shejirenminqunzhongliyidedaliangjuecehegongzuo,zhuyaofashengzaijiceng。yaoanzhaoxieshangyumin、xieshangweimindeyaoqiu,dalifazhanjicengxieshangminzhu,zhongdianzaijicengqunzhongzhongkaizhanxieshang。”[ ]qiangdiao“yaojianchibashixianhao、weihuhao、fazhanhaozuiguangdarenmingenbenliyizuoweiyiqiegongzuodechufadianheluojiaodian,womendezhongdagongzuohezhongdajuecebixushiminqing、jiediqi。”[ ]《jueding》tichuyao“kaizhanxingshiduoyangdejicengminzhuxieshang,tuijinjicengxieshangzhiduhua,jianlijianquanjumin、cunminjiandujizhi,cujinqunzhongzaichengxiangshequzhili、jicenggonggongshiwuhegongyishiyezhongyifaziwoguanli、ziwofuwu、ziwojiaoyu、ziwojiandu。”

虎扑电竞zaixindelishitiaojianxia,ruhefahuizhonggongdangweizaijicengxieshangminzhushijianchuangxinzhongdetongyilingdaohetongchouxiediaozuoyong,zaishehuizhilizhongguanchedangdequnzhongluxian,tuchuqunzhongdezhutizuoyong,jianlilianxiqunzhongdezhangxiaojizhi,shituijinjicengxieshangminzhushijianhejicengshehuizhilichuangxinbixujiejuedezhongyaowenti。yaobajicengxieshangminzhuzhiduhua、guifanhua、chengxuhuajianshe,zuoweijianxingqunzhongluxian、zhuanbianjueceshizhengfangshi、tuijinshehuixieshanggongzhidezhongyaohuanjie,baxieshangminzhunarujicengjuecechengxu、rongrushehuizhili,cainengjianliqitiejinshiji、fuyouchengxiaodedangqunzhengminhudongxieshangjizhi。

二、充分发挥统一战线在基层协商民主中的引导和牵头协调作用

虎扑电竞dangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuimingquetichuyao“fahuitongyizhanxianzaixieshangminzhuzhongdezhongyaozuoyong”。tongyizhanxianjuyouxiediaoguanxi、huajiemaodun、kaifangbaorong、ningjugongshidezhongyaogongneng,tongyizhanxiansuozhuiqiudeduoyangxingyuyizhixingdebianzhengtongyiyuxieshangminzhutongguopingdengdeduihua、goutong、xieshangyiqudegongshidejiazhiquxianggaoduqihe,zaituijinjicengxieshangminzhujianshezhongjuyouduteyoushihezhongyaozuoyong。

zishangshiji90niandaiyilai,sichuanyizhishizhongguojicengminzhuchuangxinzuihuoyuediquzhiyi,cengjingchuangzaole“xiangzhendangweishujizhixuan”he“gongtuigongxuan”dengjicengminzhushijianmoshi。2003nian,chengdoushidapoxingzhengeryuanjiegou,caizhengxiangnongcunyanshen,chubujianlilexinxingjicengzhilijiegou;2008nian,chengdoushizaiquanguolvxianshixingnongcunchanquangaige,chuangzaoletongguo“cunminyishihui”jiejuetudiquequanzhongliyijiufendemoshi。cunjizhilijiegouzhongchuxiandesangejuecejigou:jifadingdejuecejigou“cunmindahui”、fadingdelinshijuecejigou“cunmindaibiaodahui”、yongyouyishiquanjibufenjuecequande“cunminyishihui”,weichengdougoujianduocengcidejicengxieshangduihuaqudao、jianliyicun、zhenxieshanghuiweizhudexieshangduihuapingtaidaxialezhongyaojichu。

(一)成都在基层协商民主的实践创新是统一战线在基层协商民主中发挥引导和牵头协调作用的成功案例

2013nian4yue,sichuanpengzhoushizaishiweitongzhanbuqiantouzhidaoxia,zaiquanguolvxiankaizhanlechuangxinjicengxieshangminzhujutishixianxingshidetansuo,chenggonggoujiancun、zhen、shijisanjixieshangduihuazuzhijiagou、sijixieshanggongzuopingtai,jianlileliudagongzuojizhi,guifanshehuixieshangduihuachengxu,xingchengleyitaowanzhengdejicengxieshangduihuazhiduhegongzuojizhi,weixinxingshixiajicengtongzhangongzuozhaodaolexindegongzuozaitihekexingtujing,chengweikezijiejiande“pengzhouanli”。cihou,chengdoushiweitongzhanbuzaichongzhoushi、doujiangyanshishidian,bingzaixindouqu、xinjinxian、jintangxian、pujiangxian、pixiandengzhucituikai、jijitansuo,xingchengleyoudiandaomian、youwaixiangnei、gejutese、wenbuzhankaidegeju。ruchongzhoushishehuixieshanghuiyizhiduzaishejishangzhanweijiaogao,batuijinjicengxieshangzuoweiquanmianshenhuagaigedetupokouzhiyi,yichongzhoushishengaizudemingyizhidingzhidaoyijian,chenglileyishiweishujiweizuzhang,shiweichangwei、tongzhanbuzhangweichangwufuzuzhang、qitashiweichangweiheshizhengxiezhuxiweichengyuandegongzuolingdaoxiaozu,jijiaqiangledangweiduijicengxieshanggongzuodelingdao,quebaolegongzuodeyouxutuijin,youpojielejicengxieshangyuzhengzhixieshangdexianjiewenti,goujianlewanzhengdexieshangminzhutixi。doujiangyandejicengxieshangchuangxinxingjiaoqiang,zaixieshangzhutishang,bujuxianyuxieshanghuichengyuan,kegenjuyitidexuyaozengjiabutongdeliyixiangguanfangcanyuxieshang。tongshizujianlepeiyituan,yaoqingfalvgongzuozhe、yuyitiyouguandezhuanjiahuozhuanyerenshiyijiqitarenweiyoubiyaocanhuiderenshizuoweidisanfangcanjiaxieshang,cushiyitixieshangjieguogengjiakeguangongzheng、helihefa。xindouqudejicengxieshangtansuo,qizhongyaoyiyizaiyuzaichengqutansuokaizhanjicengxieshang,qizhidushejilizuyuwoguochengzhenhuafazhandaqushi,qixieshangzhutibaokuolewailaiwugongrenyuan、wailaijingshangrenyuandengxinshimindaibiao,qijingyanyouliyutuidongjicengxieshangshijiancongnongcunzouxiangchengshi,congchengshiwaiquancengzouxiangneiquanceng,naizhizhongxinchengshidezhongxinquyu。

zongtishangyousangetedian:yishiyoutongzhanbufuzejicengshehuixieshangduihuazhidudezongtisheji、tongchouxiediao、zhengtituijinheduculuoshi,ershiyijicengzhilijiegouhecun(ju)minyishihuiweiyituogoujianshehuixieshangduihuapingtai,sanshijianliyitizhengji、dingqixieshang、chengguoyunyong、liyixiediao、xinxijiaoliu、kaohepingjiajizhi,quebaoshehuixieshangduihuazhidudekexuexingheyouxiaoxing。congzongxiangkan,quanshigexiangzhen、jiedaojunyijianlishehuixieshangduihuahui,shi、zhen(xiang)、cun(shequ)sanjixieshangduihuatixiyijibenchengxing;conghengxiangkan,jicengxieshangyikuozhandaoyiyuan、xuexiaodengshehuimaodunjiaojizhongdelingyu;congxieshangzhiliangkan,xieshangchengguodedaoyouxiaoyunyong,xieshangdaibiaosuzhibuduantisheng,qunzhongcanyudejijixingdadazengqiang,jicengxieshangfazhantaishilianghao。yipengzhoujicengxieshangminzhuweili:

1.tongzhanbuqiantouxiediao,zhidinggongzuofangan,quanmianzhidaojicengshehuixieshangduihuazhidudechuangxinshijiangongzuo。(1)chenglilingdaojigou。zaipengzhoushiweitongzhanbudejijijianyihetuidongxia,yipengzhoushidangweidemingyichenglileyishiweishujiweizuzhang,shizhengxiezhuxi、shiweifushujihetongzhanbubuzhangweifuzuzhangde“pengzhoushigoujianhewanshanjicengxieshangminzhuzhidugongzuolingdaoxiaozu”,lingdaoxiaozuxiashe“shehuixieshangduihualianxihuiyi”,lianxihuiyibangongshishezaishiweitongzhanbu,youshiweitongzhanbubuzhangdanrenlianxihuiyizhaojiren,shijixiangguanzhinengbumenweilianxihuiyichengyuandanwei,fuzequanmiantongchouhezhidaogongzuo。(2)zhidinggongzuofangan。youpengzhoushiweitongzhanbumenqiantouzongtisheji,xianhouchutaile《zhonggongpengzhoushiweiguanyugoujianshehuixieshangduihuazhidudeyijian(shixing)》、《zhonggongpengzhoushiweitongzhanbu<guanyugoujianshehuixieshangduihuazhidushidiangongzuodeshishifangan>detongzhi》,fenbiechutailegoujianxiangzhen(jiedao)、cun(shequ)、qi(shi)yedanweishehuixieshangduihuazhidudeshishifangan,yijikaizhanshehuixieshangduihuashuangpinggongzuodengyixiliewenjian,jutizhidinglexieshangyishizhiduheguize,weikaizhanshehuixieshangduihuagongzuotigongzhengceyijuhezhidubaozhang。weiletigaoxieshanghuichengyuandexieshangyishinengli,tongzhanbuhaiduiquanshi874mingzhen(jiedao)xieshanghuichengyuanfensiqijinxingzhuanxiangpeixun。(3)jijizhankaishidian。2013nian5yueqi,zaicun(ju)minyishi(xieshang)huichenglidejichushangchenglizhen(jiedao)xieshanghui,bingzaitongjizhen、gexianshanzhen、jiuchizhensangezhenhetianpengzhen(jiedao)dongdajieshequzhankaishehuixieshangduihuashidiangongzuo。(4)quanmianzongjietuijin。2013nian6yue,shiweitongzhanbuchenglilesange“shehuixieshangduihuagongzuoxiaozu”,quanchengzhidaoxiangzhen(jiedao)xieshanghuigongzuo。jinyibumingquezhen(jiedao)shehuixieshangduihuagongzuozhizehechengyuanzhize;wanshanduihuahuichengyuanguanlizhiduhegongzuoliucheng;yangeguifanduihuahuichengyuanchanshengbanfayijiyitichanshengbanfahechengguoyunyongguanlibanfa,bianzhi《pengzhoushishehuixieshangduihuagongzuoshouce》jiaqiangxuanchuanhezhidaogongzuo。

虎扑电竞muqian,pengzhouyizaiquanshizhen(jiedao)、cun(shequ)liangjiquanmiangoujianleshehuixieshangduihuazhidu,diaozhenghewanshanlecun(ju)minyishi(xieshang)huixiangguanyishiguize,zaiyuanyoujuecequandejichushangzengjialexieshangzhineng,zhidinglezhen(jiedao)shehuixieshangduihuagongzuozonghepingjiafangan,jinyibutuokuanyitifanwei,mingquexieshangneirong,zhidingkaohepingjiafanganbingjiangqinarudangweizhengfuyutongzhangongzuomubiaokaohe。

虎扑电竞2.zhuzhongzongtisheji,zhidaogoujianlesanjixieshangduihuazuzhijiagou、sijishehuixieshanggongzuopingtai。shishehuixieshangduihualianxihuiyifuzejianligexiangzhidu,quanmianzhidaohetuidongzhen(jiedao)、cun(shequ)jishijibumendeshehuixieshangduihuagongzuo。bingzaizhen、cunliangjishehuixieshangduihuapingtaidejichushang,zaishijixinjianleqi(shi)yedanweixieshangduihuapingtaiheteshuliyiquntidexieshangduihuapingtai,tigaolejicengxieshangminzhudequntifugaimian。xieshangduihuayijicengqunzhongweizhuti,jiangujicengtongzhanchengyuan(baokuominzhudangpai、wudangpai、minzuzongjiao、xinshehuijieceng、xinxingzhiyenongminhenongcunxiangturencaidaibiaorenshi)。(1)cun(shequ)jixieshangduihuapingtai。yiyuancun(ju)minyishihuiweipingtai,xinzengxieshangzhineng,qiangdiaohuiqianxieshang、huizhongxieshang、huihoujiandu。yishi(xieshang)huichengyuanmeicun(shequ)20—50ren,zaimei5—15huzhongchanshengdecun(jumin)daibiaozhongxuanchu。 (2)xiangzhen(jiedao)xieshangduihuapingtai。caiququnzhongtuijian、gerenzijianhezuzhituijiansanzhongfangshi,congzhen(jiedao)ganbu、cun(ju)minyishi(xieshang)huichengyuanyijitongzhanchengyuanzhongxieshangchanshengzhen(jiedao)xieshanghuichengyuan,meizhen(jiedao)xieshanghuichengyuan20—60ren,qizhongjicengqunzhongbudiyu75%。(3)qi(shi)yedanweishehuixieshangduihuapingtai。qi(shi)yedanweiyizhigongdaibiaodahuiweixieshangduihuapingtai,zaiyuanzhidaihuizhinengzhizejichushangzengjiaxieshangzhineng,qiangdiaohuiqianxieshang、huizhongxieshang、huihoujiandu。(4)teshuliyiquntidexieshangduihuapingtai。zaishehuimaodunjiaoweijizhongdeteshuliyiquntizhongzhubujianlishehuixieshangduihuapingtai。ruzaixuexiaogoujianlexuexiaoxueshenghuihejiazhangweiyuanhui,jiushejixuexiao、xueshengjijiazhanggongtongguanxindezhongyaoshixiangjinxinggoutongxieshang;zaiyiyuanjianlileyiyuanxieshanghui,youyiyuansuozaidizhoubianshequ、xingfengjianduyuan、yiyuanxiangguanrenyuangezhansanfenzhiyizucheng,zhuanmenjiushejiyiyuan、huanzhejijiashugongtongguanxindezhongyaoshixiangjinxinggoutongxieshang。

3.jianliliudagongzuojizhi,guifanxieshangchengxu,quebaoshehuixieshangduihuazhidudekexuexingheyouxiaoxing。(1)yitizhengjijizhi。yijusijishehuixieshanghuideshijiqingkuang,fenbiezhidingleyititichuhebanlizhidu。yaoqiushizhengfubangenjushijigebumenniandugongzuojihua,duinizhidingdeshiguanqunzhongqieshenliyidezhengce,meinianshoujizhenglichu2—3 jian,zaizhengshichutaiqiansongshiweitongzhanbu,youshiweitongzhanbufuzezuzhigezhen(jiedao)xieshanghuianzhaochengxujinxingxieshang;yaoqiugezhen(jiedao)meinianjiuzhongdazhaoshangyinzixiangmudeyinjinluodizhiqianyouguanshixiang、zhongdagonggongsheshijianshexiangmutuijinguochengzhongyouguanshixiang、qunzhongfanyingqianglie、maodunjizhongdexinfangshijiandeng,zhishaoshulichu1—2 xiangzuoweizhen(jiedao)xieshanghuigudingxieshangyiti。(2)dingqixieshangjizhi。guidingcun(ju)minyishi(xieshang)huimeiyuezhaokaiyicihuiyi;xiangzhen(jiedao)shehuixieshangduihuahui,meibannianzhishaozhaokaiyicixieshanghuiyi;qi(shi)yedanweizhidaihui、xuexiaojiaweihui、xueshenghuimeibannianzhishaozhaokaiyicihuiyi,yiyuanxieshanghuimeinianzhishaozhaokaiyicihuiyi。sijishehuixieshanghuiyoulinshiyitishikejishizhaokai,xieshangcaiqufenzuxieshangyujizhongtaolun、huiqianyunniangyuhuizhongfayandengfangshi,liqiuyitidedaochongfenxieshang,xingchengguangfangongshi。(3)chengguoyunyongjizhi。jiangsijishehuixieshanghuixingchengdechengguofenleijinxingchuli。duishejimianjiaoguang、fanyingjiaodadezhongdianyijianjianyi,baoshangjidangwei、zhengfuhuojiguan;jingxieshangxingchenggongshideyijianjianyi,yongyudangwei、zhengfuhuojiguanjuececankao;duitiaojianbujubei,zanwufashishideyijianjianyi,youdangwei、zhengfuhuojiguanheyishi(xieshang)huichengyuanzuohaojieshigongzuo;duiweibeiguangdaqunzhongqieshenliyideyijianjianyi,yingjianjuebuyucainabingyoudangwei、zhengfuhuojiguanheyishi(xieshang)huichengyuanzuohaoxingzhengmianyindaojiaoyu。(4)liyixiediaojizhi。sijishehuixieshanghuiduicun(ju)minzhijian、cun(ju)minyucun(ju)weihuihuoxiangzhen(jiedao)zhengfu(banshichu),yijizhigongyuqi(shi)yedanweijian、xuexiaoyuxueshengjijiazhangjian、yiyuanyuhuanzhejijiashuzhijiandeliyijiufenheliyimaodunjinxingxiediao,huanhebutongliyizhutizhijiandechongtu,shixianliyidexiediaohezhenghe,huajiemaodun。(5)xinxijiaoliujizhi。xieshanghuifuzechuandadangweizhengfudejuecebushuhegongzuoanpai,tongbaojinqigongzuozhongdian,tongbaoshangcixieshangxingchengdegongshi、yijueshixiangdebanliqingkuang。duiweibeicainadeyijianjianyi,youzhaojirenchenshuliyoubingzuohaojieshigongzuo。yixieshanghuiweixieshangduihuapingtaidajianxinxijiaoliuqudao,baqunzhongguanxinderedianwentijishitijiaohuiyitaolun,jiangxieshangjieguojishichuandajixiangguanbumenhequnzhong,xingchengleshangqingxiada,xiaqingshangbaodejiaoliujizhi。(6)kaohepingjiajizhi。youshiweitongzhanbuqiantouzhidingleshehuixieshangduihuagongzuozonghepingjiafangan,quebaoshehuixieshangduihuagongzuozhashiyouxiaoyijixieshangchengguoshunlizhuanhua。duicun(shequ)、xiangzhen(jiedao)、geqi(shi)yedanweikaizhanshehuixieshangdeqingkuangjinxingkaohepingjia,bingjiangqinarutongzhangongzuoheminshengmubiaokaohe。zengjialexiangzhen(jiedao)xieshanghuichengyuanduizhen(jiedao)dang(gong)weizhengfu(banshichu)hezhen(jiedao)lingdaobanzichengyuangongzuodeminzhupingyi,bingjiangpingyijieguobaosongshiweizuzhibucankao。

(二)成都市基层协商民主的实践创新,为发挥统一战线在基层协商民主重要作用找到了新路径和工作平台

虎扑电竞zaichengdoushiweitongzhanbutongyibushuhezhidaoxia,pengzhoushi、chongzhoushi、doujiangyanshi、xindouqu、xinjinxian、jintangxian、pujiangxian、pixiandengchongfenliyongtongyizhanxiandezhiduyoushihegongzuoyoushi,chuangxingoujianshehuixieshangduihuazhidu,weiguangdajicengqunzhonghetongzhanduixiangtigongleminzhucanyudezhiduhuapingtaihequdao。tongshi,jishijiangdangweizhengfutuijindezhongdiangongzuoyijiqunzhongjizhongguanxindezhongdashixiang,ruzhongdaxiangmujianshe、zhongdagonggongjichusheshijianshe、zhongdaxinfangshijiandengzuoweixieshanghuiyiyiti,tongguochongfenxieshang,xingchengguangfangongshi,tansuochuletongyizhanxianweiraozhongxin、fuwudajudexinzhuashou。yishitansuochulejicengtongzhangongzuoxinlujing,jijinjinyikaocun(jumin)yishixieshanghui、xiangzhen(jiedao)xieshanghui、qi(shi)yedanweizhidaihui、xuexiaojiaweihuixueshenghui、yiyuanxieshanghuidechengyuan,yijixinxingzhiyenongmin、nongcunxiangturencaihefenbuzaijicengdechuantongtongzhanduixiangkaizhangongzuo;ershidajianlejicengtongzhangongzuodexinpingtai,jitongguodajianshehuixieshangduihuapingtai、xihuashehuixieshangduihuazhineng、zhidingshehuixieshangduihuaguize、chengxu、kaopingdeng,ningjujicengshehuitongzhangongzuodeduixiang,fahuitamenzaitongzhanyuxieshanggefangmiandezuoyong,shitongzhangongzuofanweijinyibuyanshen,tongzhanduixiangbuduankuozhan,youxiaodijiejueletongyizhanxianjiediqibuzudewenti。

虎扑电竞1.tongguozongtisheji,jiaohaodijiejuelexieshangminzhuyouzhengzhilingyudaoshehuilingyu、youjingyingxieshangdaocaogenxieshangdetuozhanheyanshen。jianguoyilai,woguozhengzhixieshangzhidushejizhiyanshendaoquxianyiji。zaishehuizhuanxingqi,shehuimaodunjujihetufadezhutiwangwangbushicanyuzhengzhixieshangde“jingyingrenshi”he“daibiaorenshi”,ergengduolaiziyujicengdeputongminzhonghezhongduoliyiqunti。pengzhoushitongzhanbuzhelizaidangweizhengfuyuqunzhongzhijian、butongliyiquntizhijiangoujianshehuixieshangduihuazhiduhegoutongjiaoliuqudao,yijicengqunzhongweizhuti,yixunqiuguangfanshehuigongshiweimude,zhengqueyindaoqunzhongyouxuzhengzhicanyu,zengjiajuecehejueceshishidegongkaitoumingdu,xiediaogeliyiquntijiandeguanxi。zhuzhong“zongtisheji、shangxiajiehe”,zaijiejianchengdoucun(ju)minyishihuideshijiandejichushang,zheligoujianleshangxiaxianjie、kexueguifan、yunxingyouxiaodejicengxieshangminzhutixi。rupengzhoujianlileshishehuixieshangduihualianxihuiyi、qi(shi)yedanweizhidaihuiheteshuliyiquntixieshanghuipingtaihequdaoyijijianlizhen(jiedao)xieshanghuipingtaihequdao,yituocun(ju)minyishihuizuoweicunjixieshangduihuapingtaihequdao,shixieshangduihuachengweiyizhongchangtaihuagongzuomoshi,jiaohaodijiejuelexieshangminzhuyouzhengzhilingyudaoshehuilingyu、youjingyingxieshangdaocaogenxieshangdetuozhanheyanshen,shixianlejicengxieshangduihuazhiduyuxianyijizhengzhixieshangzhidudeyouxiaoxianjie。

虎扑电竞2.tongguoqiantouyindao,weijicengxieshangminzhuchenggongyunxingyijishixianchangtaihuazhiduhuatigonglezhongyaobaozheng。zaijicengxieshangminzhushijianchuangxinzhong,tongzhanbufahuileqiantouxiediao、zongtisheji、pingtaidajian、jizhigoujianhegongzuotuozhandezhongyaozuoyong。rupengzhoushiweitongzhanbudeqiantouzhidaohegejidangzuzhidejijiyindaoxia,zaiquanshi20gezhenjianlilexieshangduihuajizhi,xieshangjiejuejicengzaijingjifazhan、jicengzhili、shequguanli、qunzhongliyi、maodunjiufendengfangmiandewenti,shixianle“wenxuyumin、wenjiyumin、wenxiaoyumin”dechangtaihuazhiduhua,shixianlejicengxieshangminzhudequanfugai,jicengqunzhongcanyuquanfugai,tuchulequnzhongdezhutidiwei,zaigengdafanweihuajieleshehuimaodun。pengzhoushiweitongzhanbujiangjicengzhilitixijiansheyushehuixieshangduihuazhidujianshexiangjiehe,zaijicengqunzhongzizhizhidukuangjiaxia,changdao“zaizizhizhongxieshang,zaixieshangzhongzizhi”dejicengshehuizhililinian,tongguogoujianshehuixieshangduihuapingtai,zhidingjicengxieshangminzhuzhiduhegongzuojizhi,chubuxingchenglejicengshehuidezhiligeju,peiyulebutongquntizhijian“huanweisikao”yishi,huanjiejicengshehuizhonggeliyiquntijiandeduiliqingxu,jianshaolegongzuojuecehegongzuotuijindezuli。

虎扑电竞3.tongguozaititujing,weitongyizhanxianzaijicengxieshangminzhujianshezhongfahuizhongyaozuoyongzongjieleyitaoqieshikexingdegongzuofangfa。kaizhanshehuixieshanggongzuoshijiaqiangxiangzhen(jiedao)、shequjicengzuzhiyurenminqunzhonggoutonglianxidezhongyaoqudao,yeshixinxingshixiajianxingdangdequnzhongluxiandezhongyaoxingshihechuangxinjicengshehuizhilidezhongyaozhuashou。dangqian,tongzhangongzuoshehuihuashangmeiyouxingchengyitaochengshudegongzuojingyanheguifandechengxushouduan。pengzhoushiweitongzhanbuzaijicengxieshangminzhudechuangxinshijianzhong,bujincongzhengtishanggoujianlejicengxieshangminzhuzhidudezongtijiagou,zhidaojianlilesanjixieshangduihuazuzhijiagou、sijixieshanggongzuopingtai,erqieduijicengxieshangminzhudezuzhijigou、zuchengchengyuan、tuixuanchengxu、xieshangneirong、xieshangchengxu、xieshangchengguoyunyongdengshijicaozuochengxuzuolexitongdeguiding,xingchenglejiaoweiwanbeidejicengxieshangminzhuzhidu,chubutansuolexinxingshixiakaizhanjicengshehuitongzhangongzuohenongcuntongzhangongzuodezaitihetujing,zongjieleyitaoqieshikexingdegongzuofangfa,jizaijicengtongzhangongzuozhong,yicun(shequ)yishihuichengyuan、xinxingzhiyenongmin、nongcunxiangturencaiyijichuantongtongzhanduixiangweizhuashou,yicun(ju)minyishihui、zhenxieshanghuiweinongcuntongzhangongzuopingtai,tongguoxieshangyishi,dadaoshoujiminyi、huijiminzhi、huajieminyuandemude,fahuitamenzaitongzhanyuxieshanggefangmiandezuoyong,jiejueletongzhangongzuoxiangjicengyanshendewenti。

三、积极推动顶层设计与基层实践有机结合、良性互动机制

chengdouzaijicengxieshangminzhutansuozhongchuangzaodeshehuixieshangduihuazhiduyouzhexianmingdetezheng。zheijishiqueliledangweitongzhanbumenzhudaodemoshi,jiejuele“xieshangyousheilaizhua”hezhidubaozhangwenti;zaizhidushejishangquelilequnzhongzhutilinian,yijicengqunzhongweixieshangzhuti、tongzhanchengyuanweizhuashou,jiejuele“yusheixieshang”dewenti;zaixieshangyitishangquelile“congqunzhongzhonglai,daoqunzhongzhongqu”dejiazhidaoxiang,mingqueyiqunzhongguanxindezhongdawentiheshejiqunzhongdeqieshenliyidewentiweixieshangneirong,jiejuele“xieshangshenme”dewenti;tongguogoujiancun、zhen、shijisanjixieshangduihuazuzhijiagou、sijixieshanggongzuopingtai,jiejuele“zenmexieshang”dewenti;tongguojianliliudagongzuojizhi,jiejuelexieshangchengxuhechengguoyunyongdejizhibaozhangwenti。chengdoudejicengxieshangminzhutansuoshijianbiaoming,bajicengxieshangminzhuyouxianjituozhandaoxiangzhen,goujianguangfanduocengdejicengxieshangduihuaqudao,goujiangengjiawanshandejicengzhiligejudesilu,shiqieshikexingde。

dangqian,zaituidongjicengxieshangminzhushijiantansuozhonghaicunzaiyixiajigefangmiandekunrao:yishiruhejiejuexieshangjieguodeyunyongwuzhiduyueshudewenti。youyushehuixieshanghuiyizhiyouduiyitidexieshangquan,duixieshangjieguomeiyouqiangzhizhixingquan,jiazhishangweijianliduixieshangyitidexiediao、duban、luoshihefankuigongzuojizhi。zhishishehuixieshangjieguodezuzhishishi、genjinluoshihedubanfankuidenggongzuo,zaizhidushangwufadedaobaozhang。shehuixieshanghuiyijieguomeiyouyueshuli,zaochengjicengxieshangminzhu“shuoleyebaishuo”“shuolebusuan”“zuoyongbuda”dengsixiangwuqu,zhangciyiwangduiqunzhongdexieshangminzhuyishidetigaoxingchengzuai。zaizhidushejishang,shehuixieshanghuiyimeiyoujuecequan,danshiyinggaijuyoufoujuequan,zaizhengceshangshangwuyiju。ershiruhejiejuejicengxieshangminzhuhejicengzizhizhidudeguanxi。jicengxieshangminzhushizaijicengminzhujianshezhongfazhande、yucunmin(jumin)zizhixiangjiehedexinxingminzhuxingshi。dangqian,cun(shequ)yijixieshanghuiyibanjianlizaicunmin(shequ)yishihuishang,tongguocunminyishi(xieshang)huiduicun(shequ)shiwujinxingxieshangheguanli,cunminzaiyidingfanweineixiangyouziwoguanlidequanli,baokuoxieshanghejuecedequanli。zaochengcun(shequ)yijishelishehuixieshanghuiyizaizhinengshangyoujiaodazhongfu,bukebimianzaochengjigouyongzhong,zhizebuqing。sanshixiangzhen(jiedao)meiyouminzhuxieshangjigouhequdao,zaijigou、bianzhi、jingfeidexianzhixiajicengxieshangminzhunanyizhengchangkaizhan。zhiyoujiejuelezheixiejutiwenti,shigongzuozhongxinxiayi,quebaojicengxieshangminzhuyourenguanshi、yourenzuoshi,jicengxieshangminzhucainengdeyishunlishixian。sishizhengxiezuzhiruhefahuizhongyaoqudaozuoyongxuyaojinyibumingque。ruchongzhoushishexiangzaixiangzhenyijishelishizhengxiebanshichu,shezhuan(jian)zhizhuren,xiangshouxiangzhenzhengzhidaiyu,bingyouqizhudaoshehuixieshanggongzuo,danshilingdaozhishu、jigoudengbufuhexianxingzhengceguiding,gucishexianggeqian。wushiguanyujicengxieshanggongzuozhangxiaojizhidewenti。muqian,chengdoushisuoshushixianyijideshehuixieshanggongzuozhuyaoshikaodangdishiweiqianglituidong,tongzhanbuquanliyifuxiediaoducu,danshangweishangshengdaoshengyijiyizhizhongyangdedingcengzhidushejishanglai。zheiyang,jiucunzairuguodifangdangweibuzhongshi,tongzhanbumenjiuwufatuidong,jicengxieshangminzhudeshenrutuijinjiuyoukenengchuxiandawenti。yinci,jixuzhongyangxiafatuidongjicengxieshangminzhujianshedezhidaoxingwenjian,tuchujiejuequanjuxing、guanjianxingwenti。rumingquejicengxieshangminzhugongzuoyoujicengnagebumenlaiqiantou,zhiyougongzuozhutizhizemingque,jicengxieshangminzhugongzuocainengyouxutuijin;jianyujicengxieshangminzhugongzuogongzuoliangda、shejishimianguang,jianyishelizhuanmenjigou,zengjia3—5rendebianzhi,shijicengxieshangminzhugongzuochangtaihua。

jiaqiangjicengxieshangminzhujianshe,bixutuidongzhongyangdingcengshejiyujicengshijiantansuodeyoujijieheheliangxinghudong。yifangmian,gedijubudejieduanxingshidianxuyaozaizhongyangdingcengshejihezhidaoxingwenjiandezhiyinxiaxunxutuijin;lingyifangmian,dingcengshejiyexuyaozaituijingedijubudejieduanxingshidiandejichushangjinxingmouhua,weidingcengshejitigongyangben、jileijingyan、buduanwanshan。zi2010nianyilai,sichuanshengshehuizhuyixueyuanweiletuidongshehuizhuyixieshangminzhulilunyanjiuhejicengshijian,xianhouliangcizaiquanguojinxingketizhaobiao。shibajiesanzhongquanhuizhaokaihou,youchenglishoujia“xieshangminzhuyanjiuzhongxin”,zheliyulilunyanjiuhejicengtansuo。2014nian3yue,xieshangminzhuyanjiuyupengzhoushiweitongzhanbuhezuojianlilejicengxieshangminzhuyanjiupengzhoujidi,qihouyouyuchongzhoushi、doujiangyanshi、pixiandenghezuojianlilejicengxieshangminzhushijianjidi,gongtongtuidongjicengxieshangminzhushijianchuangxin。fazhanxieshangminzhu,jixuyaodingcengsheji,gengxujicengdadantansuo。zhiyoujiangdingcengshejihejicengtansuohenhaodijiehe, baxieshangminzhuluoshidaojutigongzuocengmian,jishizongjiejicengxieshangminzhuxianhuoanliheshijianchuangzaodefengfujingyan,qianghuajicengqunzhongdexieshangminzhuyishi,xieshangminzhudetansuocainengyouxudijinxingxiaqu。

刘仁勇,中共四川省委统战部副部长、四川省社会主义学院党组书记

于小英,四川省社会主义学院教研室主任、教授,协商民主研究中心副主任兼秘书长

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